Common Names
Scientific Name
Fagus spp.
Europe, North America, Asia
Beech heartwood ranges from pale cream to light brown. It often features pink or reddish-brown hues. The grain is usually straight, but it can also be wavy or interlocked. The wood has a fine to medium texture and a low natural luster.
Avg. Dried Weight
45-55 lbs/ft3 (720-880 kg/m3)
Janka Hardness
1300 lbf
Modulus of Rupture
14,500 lbf/in2 (100.0 MPa)
Elastic Modulus
1,830,000 lbf/in2 (12.62 GPa)
Crushing Strength
7,910 lbf/in2 (54.6 MPa)
Radial: 4.8%, Tangential: 9.6%, Volumetric: 14.4%, T/R Ratio: 2.0
Rated as perishable, susceptible to decay and insect attacks.
Beech wood is generally easy to work with. It has good machining properties and it turns, glues, and finishes well. It can be stained, polished, and painted to achieve desired results. It responds well to steam bending. The wood may require filling for open-pored finishes to achieve a smooth surface.

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