Common Names
Scientific Name
Juglans cinerea
North America
Butternut heartwood ranges from light to medium brown, sometimes with a reddish or grayish hue. The sapwood is pale yellow to nearly white. The wood has a coarse texture with straight to slightly irregular grain. It may exhibit knots and other natural characteristics.
Avg. Dried Weight
28 lbs/ft3 (450 kg/m3)
Janka Hardness
490 lbf
Modulus of Rupture
7,000 lbf/in2 (48.3 MPa)
Elastic Modulus
930,000 lbf/in2 (6.41 GPa)
Crushing Strength
3,840 lbf/in2 (26.5 MPa)
Radial: 4.0%, Tangential: 8.0%, Volumetric: 12.0%, T/R Ratio: 2.0
Rated as non-durable to perishable; susceptible to decay and insect attacks.
Butternut wood is generally easy to work with hand and machine tools. It has good nailing and screwing properties and glues well. It may require filling for open-pored finishes to achieve a smooth surface. It can be stained, polished, and finished to enhance its natural beauty.

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