Common Names
Canarywood, Canary
Scientific Name
Centrolobium spp.
South America (from Panama down to southern Brazil)
Heartwood color can vary a fair amount, from a pale yellow-orange to a darker reddish brown, usually with darker streaks throughout. Pale yellow sapwood is sharply demarcated from heartwood. Color tends to darken and homogenize with age: see the article Preventing Color Changes in Exotic Woods for more information. Grain is typically straight, but can be irregular or wild on some pieces. Uniform fine to medium texture with good natural luster. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; large pores in no specific arrangement, few; solitary and radial multiples of 2-3; mineral/gum deposits occasionally present; growth rings indistinct; rays not visible without lens; parenchyma varies depending on species: can be vasicentric, aliform, and confluent.
Avg. Dried Weight
52 lbs/ft3 (830 kg/m3)
Janka Hardness
1520 lbf
Modulus of Rupture
19,080 lbf/in2 (131.6 MPa)
Elastic Modulus
2,164,000 lbf/in2 (14.93 GPa)
Crushing Strength
9,750 lbf/in2 (67.2 MPa)
Radial: 2.4%, Tangential: 5.6%, Volumetric: 8.4%, T/R Ratio: 2.3
Rated as very durable in regard to decay resistance, as well as being resistant to termite and marine borer attack.
Easy to work with both hand and machine tools, though some tearout can occur during planing on pieces with wild or irregular grain. Good dimensional stability. Turns, glues and finishes well.

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