Hard Maple


Common Names
Hard maple, sugar maple, rock maple
Scientific Name
Acer saccharum
Northeastern North America
Unlike most other hardwoods, the sapwood of hard maple lumber is most commonly used rather than its heartwood. Sapwood color ranges from nearly white, to an off-white cream color, sometimes with a reddish or golden hue. The heartwood tends to be a darker reddish brown. Birdseye maple is a figure found most commonly in hard maple, though it’s also found less frequently in other species. Hard maple can also be seen with curly or quilted grain patterns. Grain is generally straight, but may be wavy. Has a fine, even texture.
Avg. Dried Weight
44.0 lbs/ft3 (705 kg/m3)
Janka Hardness
1450 lbf
Modulus of Rupture
15,800 lbf/in2(109.0 MPa)
Elastic Modulus
1,830,000 lbf/in2(12.62 GPa)
Crushing Strength
7,830 lbf/in2 (54.0 MPa)
Radial: 4.8%, Tangential: 9.9%
Rated as non-durable to perishable, and susceptible to insect attack.
Fairly easy to work with both hand and machine tools, though slightly more difficult than soft maple due to hard maple’s higher density. Maple has a tendency to burn when being machined with high-speed cutters such as in a router. Turns, glues, and finishes well, though blotches can occur when staining, and a pre-conditioner, gel stain, or toner may be necessary to get an even color.

Sign Up for the Newsletter

Current Contest & Upcoming Events

Photo Contest Banner

Photo Contests

Enter for your chance to win!

Enter Now