Live Oak


Common Names
Live Oak, Southern Live Oak
Scientific Name
Quercus virginiana
Southeastern United States
Has a light to medium brown color, though there can be a fair amount of variation in color. Conversely, Red Oak tends to be slightly redder, but is by no means a reliable method of determining the type of Oak. Grain is straight, with a coarse, uneven texture. May have irregular grain depending on growing conditions of the tree. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; exclusively solitary; large to very large pores arranged radially, few; tyloses abundant; parenchyma vasicentric, diffuse-in-aggregates; very wide aggregate rays and narrow rays, spacing normal.
Avg. Dried Weight
63 lbs/ft3 (1,000 kg/m3)
Janka Hardness
2680 lbf
Modulus of Rupture
18,220 lbf/in2 (125.6 MPa)
Elastic Modulus
1,960,000 lbf/in2 (13.52 GPa)
Crushing Strength
8,810 lbf/in2 (60.8 MPa)
Radial: 6.6%, Tangential: 9.5%, Volumetric: 14.7%, T/R Ratio: 1.4
Live Oak has been rated as having very good resistance to decay, and has been used frequently in ship and boatbuilding.
Easy to glue, and takes stain and finishes very well. Though, due to its incredible density, (especially for an oak), Live Oak is harder to work with than other species of the Quercus genus.

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