Norfolk Island Pine


Common Names
Norfolk Island pine
Scientific Name
Araucaria heterophylla
Endemic to Norfolk Island (also planted as an ornamental tree)
Heartwood is light brown, sometimes with a yellow or red hue. Paler sapwood isn’t clearly defined. Sometimes afflicted with blue/gray fungal staining, particularly if not dried properly. (In certain applications this staining is considered decorative, particularly when the wood also features contrasting reddish knots.) Grain is usually straight, with a fine to medium uniform texture. Moderate natural luster.
Avg. Dried Weight
31 lbs/ft3 (495 kg/m3)
Janka Hardness
650 lbf
Modulus of Rupture
11,730 lbf/in2 (80.9 MPa)
Elastic Modulus
1,723,000 lbf/in2 (11.89 GPa)
Crushing Strength
6,420 lbf/in2 (44.3 MPa)
Radial: 3.5%, Tangential: 5.3%
Clear sections of wood are easy to work with hand and machine tools. Sections with knots can be problematic and result in tearout or uneven sanding due to the difference in density of the two regions. Glues, finishes, and turns well.

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