Common Names
Scientific Name
North America, Europe, Asia
Poplar heartwood is usually pale yellow to light brown, although can sometimes exhibit gray or greenish streaks. The sapwood is pale white to yellow. The wood has a fine and even texture with straight grain. It may contain occasional mineral streaks or burls.
Avg. Dried Weight
22-29 lbs/ft3 (350-460 kg/m3)
Janka Hardness
540 lbf
Modulus of Rupture
7,800 lbf/in2 (53.8 MPa)
Elastic Modulus
1,640,000 lbf/in2 (11.3 GPa)
Crushing Strength
4,830 lbf/in2 (33.3 MPa)
Radial: 4.0%, Tangential: 8.4%, Volumetric: 12.8%, T/R Ratio: 2.1
Rated as non-durable; susceptible to decay and insect attacks.
Poplar wood is relatively easy to work with hand and machine tools. It has good nailing and screwing properties and glues well. It can be stained, painted, and finished easily. The wood is known for its ability to take both paint and stain well, making it a popular choice for painted or stained finishes.

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