Southern Yellow Pine


Common Names
Southern Yellow Pine
Scientific Name
Pinus spp.
Southeastern United States
Southern Yellow Pine heartwood ranges from yellowish-brown to reddish-brown, often with resinous streaks. The wood has a straight to interlocked grain with a medium to coarse texture.
Avg. Dried Weight
35-50 lbs/ft3 (560-800 kg/m3)
Janka Hardness
690 lbf
Modulus of Rupture
11,700 lbf/in2 (80.7 MPa)
Elastic Modulus
1,710,000 lbf/in2 (11.8 GPa)
Crushing Strength
6,940 lbf/in2 (47.8 MPa)
Radial: 4.5%, Tangential: 7.9%, Volumetric: 12.9%, T/R Ratio: 1.8
Rated as non-durable to perishable; susceptible to decay and insect attacks.
Southern Yellow Pine wood is generally easy to work with both hand and machine tools. It has good nailing and screwing properties. It can be prone to splitting, so pre-drilling is recommended. The wood finishes well and accepts paint and stains easily. It has moderate dimensional stability but can be prone to warping and movement.

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