White Oak


Common Names
White oak
Scientific Name
Quercus alba
Eastern United States
Heartwood is a light to medium brown, commonly with an olive cast. Paler sapwood is not always sharply demarcated from the heartwood. Quartersawn sections display prominent ray fleck patterns (see images below). Red oak (Quercus rubra) tends to have a slightly redder cast (as opposed to olive), but color alone isn’t always a reliable method of determining the type of oak. Grain is straight, with a coarse, uneven texture.
Avg. Dried Weight
47 lbs/ft3 (755 kg/m3)
Janka Hardness
1350 lbf
Modulus of Rupture
14,830 lbf/in2 (102.3 MPa)
Elastic Modulus
1,762,000 lbf/in2 (12.15 GPa)
Crushing Strength
7,370 lbf/in2 (50.8 MPa)
Radial: 5.6%, Tangential: 10.5%
Rated as very durable; frequently used in boatbuilding and tight cooperage applications.
Produces good results with hand and machine tools. Has moderately high shrinkage values, resulting in mediocre dimensional stability, especially in flatsawn boards. Can react with iron (particularly when wet) and cause staining and discoloration. Responds well to steam-bending. Glues, stains, and finishes well.

Sign Up for the Newsletter

Current Contest & Upcoming Events

Photo Contest Banner

Photo Contests

Enter for your chance to win!

Enter Now